Patellofemoral joint pain is a broad term used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the kneecap (patella). Climbing stairs, kneeling down or performing everyday activities can be affected by the pain.
Often weak glute medius muscles are to blame with resulting hip adduction and positive trendelenburg sign (hip drops to one side) during the unilateral stance phase of running.
This can also affect the knee bend in single leg stance with runners avoiding knee bend to prevent pain.
These 2 issues may result in the knee “coming in “ (valgus), including hip adduction, tibial adduction and internal rotation.
It is important to find the cause of the issue before treating the symptoms. A full assessment will identify which muscles are working well and which are not…allowing us to target the muscles which are not tolerating load.